After how much alcohol is alcohol?

Food and drink

As a result of the reception of alcoholic drinks varypsychological, physiological and behavioral functions. Ethanol, ingested in the human body, has not the same effect on different people. Therefore, an unequivocal answer to the question - after how much alcohol is weathered - no. It depends on the weight of the person, sex, age, strength and quantity, as well as the time elapsed since the reception of alcoholic beverages. Ethyl alcohol dissolves very well in water, so when ingested it accumulates in the tissues of those organs that contain more water, which means in the brain, which is the reason for the psychoactive effect on humans: the most sensitive to ethanol are the cells of the central nervous system (especially the cerebral cortex).

The concentration of alcohol in brain cells is 75% higher,than in blood cells. Therefore, ethanol causes an excitement characteristic of alcohol intoxication, which is associated with a weakening of the inhibition processes. Next comes the weakening of the processes of excitation, the inhibition of the oblong and spinal cord. Suppression of the respiratory center is observed. Through how much alcohol is eroded - the table containing the theoretical forecast, gives some idea that the time will be different for the same amount of beer or vodka. Since in this case the degree of intoxication is not the same because of the different concentration of alcohol molecules (C2H5OH) in blood cells.

With easy intoxication of behavioral manifestationsmay not be, but this reduces the speed of reaction, mental activity, deteriorating ability to manage transport. With more severe intoxication, there is a loss of an adequate assessment of the situation and one's own personality. Speech, memory, coordination of movements and attention disorders can also occur. How much alcohol is lost from the body of a woman or a man? It is quite obvious that with the same body weight and the same number of alcohol drinks, men are sobering faster than women. This fact is explained by the different content of water in the body (in men up to 58%, in women up to 49%), and therefore by different alcohol intoxication.

Absorbed through the walls of the stomach (20%) andof the intestine (80%), ethanol molecules enter the liquid component of the blood (plasma), which contains about 85% water. Blood transports C2H5OH molecules to tissues and internal organs, in which it practically does not change. From them with venous blood returns to excretory systems. Through how much the alcohol is weathered - it depends on the general condition of each particular organism. Over 90% of alcohol is subject to transformation. Its main part (75%) is metabolized in the liver, mainly under the action of the isoenzyme CYP2E1, the metabolic products are excreted with feces. In unchanged form (with urine) up to 10% of ethanol is excreted. Partially, alcohol is also released from the exhaled (alveolar) air and then.

Therefore, through how much alcohol is eroded, inmuch depends on the work of specific systems of the human body. Excretion in the urine usually begins in about 40 minutes. While the metabolism in the liver occurs as soon as the alcohol is absorbed, even until the moment when its level begins to grow in the brain. Alcohol is metabolized mainly by a group of six enzymes, united by the common name alcohol dehydrogenase. They help convert it to acetaldehyde (actually more toxic than ethanol), which is then converted to non-toxic acetic acid.

It is not always possible to avoid celebrations and feasts, wheredrinks are served. On average, 100 ml of vodka can be assimilated, approximately, in four hours. More precisely, you can learn from the tables, after how many hours alcohol is weathered, this will allow you to monitor your body and be in good shape at the right time. In order to ensure law and order in many countries, the content of C2H5OH in blood is measured with the help of special devices (breathalyzers or breathalyzers of various modifications).

Although the severity of violations of the nervoussystem differs in different people with the same amount of alcohol in the blood, but its concentration can be objectively measured and compared with the established rate, and the official results of measurements are not legally disputed. Legislation in most countries prohibits the driving of cars and the management of heavy equipment when the prescribed level of alcohol content in the blood is exceeded.