Trutovik birch: features of the fungus, healing properties
On tree trunks sometimes you can seepeculiar growths. They have a different, often rather bizarre form and a picturesque color. Philistines collectively call these growths tinder, sometimes even not realizing that this formation is directly related to fungi.
There are several varieties of woodymushrooms. Some of them prefer to grow on the trunks of deciduous trees: birch, rowan, maple, alder, elm or ash. A special priority in the quality of the place of growth is the birch, so the fungus was named birch, or birch mushroom, birch chaga, and often just chaga. Its biological name is tapered beater. The biological name emphasizes the peculiarity of the structure of its fruit body. Fruit body biologists call the growth that we see on the trunk of a tree.
Trutovik birch: building
At the beginning of growth the fruiting body has a roundedshape. As it grows, it changes, becoming irregular and taking various bizarre outlines. Creative people use trutoviki for making souvenirs and various crafts, which is quite justified.
The fruiting body of a birch fungus has a layered structure:
- The outer layer of the fungus is painted by nature inbrown with black hues. Painting color reinforces the resininess of its outer surface, giving it shine and peculiar bulges or knolls, in the place of which cracks form in the course of time.
- The middle layer consists of manyMicroscopic tubes located at a small angle to the outer layer. This angle determines the slope of the body of the fungus or its slant, reflected in the biological name of the chaga. On the fracture, this part has a granular structure. At the initial stage of growth of chaga, the middle layer has a light, almost white color. Over time, it acquires brown shades and very hardens, becoming similar in structure and hardness to a cork.
- The inner layer of the birch tinder is reddish-brown in color with yellow veins.
Mushroom chaga pervades the wood tree tissue.The fungus feeds on its juices, penetrating into the cells and thereby destroying them, eventually turning the plant into red-brown rot. Therefore, chaga is quite rightly referred to parasites.
Like all fungi, the birch fungus reproduces spores. They ripen on the lower surface of the fruit body. Spores are carried by the wind and, falling into the cracks of the bark of other trees, quickly sprout.
Sometimes a tree spores several spores, of which fruit bodies develop. They can be located cascaded, rows, stairs up the trunk.
The area of infection with birch tritium can bebig enough. A plant that "sheltered" disputes is doomed. Thus, the presence on the trunk of a birch or other deciduous tree, chaga, despite its external attractiveness, is by no means a positive sign. However, despite the destructive properties of the birch fungus, it can not be called a useless creation of nature.
Therapeutic properties of birch mushroom
Scientists have discovered many useful substances thatcontains tinderpot birch. The properties of the fungus are medicinal, this explains the long-standing use of chaga by folk healers. They used a powdered body to prepare tinctures, broths and teas.
These medicinal solutions are:
- work as choleretic and diuretics;
- help restore health to sick joints;
- used in the treatment of female and male diseases;
- lotions and compresses treat skin diseases and the consequences of frostbite.
Teas and inhalations from the birch tritium contribute to the restoration of the voice, treat inflammation in the larynx.
Infusions stabilize metabolic processes, thereforewill be useful for those who declared the war excess kilograms or, conversely, trying to get better. In addition, they contribute to the restoration of intestinal microflora, reduce the severity of the pain syndrome, tone up and enhance immunity.
Not so long ago, scientists found that substances,contained in birch tinder, restrain the growth and development of tumor cells, especially at the initial stage of their development. Therefore, tincture from chaga is now widely used in oncology.
Features of collecting chaga
For therapeutic purposes, only those fruit bodies of birch chaga are used that have grown on living trees and are not old. The old chaga is crumbling.
All fungi are able to concentrate in themselves harmful substances from the environment. Trutovik birch is no exception. Therefore, do not prepare chaga in ecologically unfavorable places.
The ideal time for collecting birch mushrooms is the period from the beginning of August to the end of October. At this time, he is full of useful substances.
Tincture of mushroom tincture
For preparation of alcoholic tinctures use a tinder birch. Recipes are simple and tested for centuries.
- The bowl is washed, cleaned, thoroughly dried and pulverized.
- The powder is placed in alcohol or vodka, using 5 grams of 150 ml of liquid.
- The solution is kept for two weeks in a cold and dark place.
To treat tumors, ready tincture is recommended to take three times a day for one tablespoon. With other diseases, a teaspoon will be enough with the same frequency of reception.
Tincture take courses for 3-4 months. Duration of admission and the amount of tincture to take is better discussed with the attending physician.
Do not confuse the chaga with other species of trutovikov. The birch mushroom fungus is easily confused with other tree fungi, for example with false or real tartarets, unfit for therapeutic purposes.
A false tinderpot also grows on birches. True, he just more like dried, fallen, obsolete trees. This fact is one of the signals that say that before you is an unreal chaga.
A fake tinder is easy to recognize by shapethe fruit body. It looks like a slightly flattened hoof with a convex upper and a lower flat surface. The upper surface is soft and velvety, with a pattern: dark brown or brown circles on a gray background.
Another "twin brother" of a birch triton -real tart. It has a semicircular shape with a smooth surface of gray or brown hue. This trutovik is attached to the trunk of the tree with its central part and therefore it is easy, unlike the birch chaga, to separate from it.
Nature is generous in nuances. Her fantasies do not have a limit, as there is no limit and the surprise of her wisdom: the undoubted harm of the tinder for the trees is fully compensated for his benefit.