Clover Hybrid: description, healing properties, types

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Clover hybrid (in Latin - Trifolium hybridum L.) - a perennial meadow plant, which is an excellent mead: production from 1 hectare plantations - 52-125 kg of fine aromatic honey.

clover hybrid description
Flowers of this type of clover are actively visited by bees because of easy availability of nectar and brown pollen.

Clover Hybrid: description

The plant is characterized by a stem root,penetrating into the ground to a depth of about 1 meter; while the bulk of the root system is located at a depth of half a meter. Stems are hollow, slightly branching, rising at the base. Each plant has up to 8 above-ground shoots about 40 cm high, in cultural cultivation - up to 1 meter. The leaves are triple, with jagged edges, rather firmly sit on long enough petioles, which increases the value of clover as a forage crop. Stipules are leathery, ovate, pale.

clover hybrid in Latin
Inflorescence is a globular head with numerouspale pink fragrant flowers (in diameter up to 3 cm), located on the long peduncle coming from the leaf axilus. At the beginning of flowering, the corolla has a pale color, which subsequently turns into a pale pink and turbulent when the clover of the hybrid fades. The fine yellow seeds are flattened from two sides; the length of each of them is about 1 mm.

The territory of distribution of clover of hybrid

Clover hybrid pink - meadow plant,undemanding to the composition of soils, but it is best to feel yourself on neutral lands. It is widely distributed in the European part of Russia and the Far East. It occurs along river banks, among artisan plantations, in meadows. After mowing, it grows badly enough. Winter-resistant, resistant to the near location of groundwater and soil soaking, as it is a moisture-loving crop. The highest yields are obtained when growing on drained bogs. Clover hybrid (Latin called Trifolium hybridum L.) is used to improve pastures by sowing with cereals.

Prefers well-lit areas, onwhich is developing luxuriantly; negatively refers to shading. Due to nodules with nitrogen-fixing microorganisms on the roots, increases the nitrogen content in the soil (at times better than the clover meadow).

Reproduction

Clover hybrid replicates exclusivelyseed method and bloom 2-3 years after sowing. Blossoms and ripens from May to September. The life of the plant is 6 years. One specimen is capable of yielding up to several hundred seeds, in particularly fruitful years from 1 sq. Km. meter can get up to 9 thousand seeds.

In the first year only a small partcrumbling seeds. The rest of the quantity, called "hard seeds", has the property for a very long time to maintain its viability and germinate gradually, for a long time.

The value of a clover hybrid as a forage crop

Green mass clover hybrid, grown with18th century, is considered a nutritious fodder crop - the basis of gentle hay. The protein content in the aerial part of the plant is the same as for clover meadow, fiber - much less.

clover hybrid pink
The first cut is made for animal feed or forsoil fertilization. After mowing, the clover grows heavily, so the second yield cut is 3 times less than the first one. The harvest of two cuttings, provided that the grass stands well from 1 hectare, is about 65 quintals. In the field crop rotations, the hybrid clover is practically replaced by a meadow variety of the crop.
clover hybrid

Sowing clover is recommended in combination with cereals. The plant will not lie and will easily succumb to mowing. The seeding rate is 6-8 kilograms per 1 hectare, the depth of seeding is up to 1.0 cm.

Kinds of clover hybrid: description

Clover hybrid characterized by high foddervalue, but because of the bitter taste, it is better to feed such a plant to livestock in combination with cereals. Recommended for cultivating the variety: Luzhanin, Kurtsevsky, Frigate, Fallay, Krasnoufimsky 4, Mayak.

clover hybrid

Kurtsevsky variety. Displaced at an experimental station in Arkhangelsk, characterized by soft downy stem medium and highly branched, elongated oval leaves, loose, rounded inflorescences. Successfully passed tests in several Russian regions. Average yield of dry matter was:

  • in the territory of the Volga-Vyatka region - 38.6 c / ha;
  • in the East Siberian region - 31.5 c / ha;
  • in the Central Black Earth region - 105.0 c / ha.

The vegetation period from the moment of spring germination to the first cut varies from 65 to 108 days. Pests and diseases do not show interest to such a plant.

Fale. The bush is light-green in color, slightly pubescent,Heavy-Duty. The leaves are characterized by elliptical and ovoid form, weak pubescence, softness. Inflorescence pinkish-white, friable. A medium-ripening variety, haymaking and pasture use, is unstable before clover cancer - a fungal disease of the root system.

clover hybrid Latin

Lighthouse. Grown for pasture and haymakinguse. The bushes are half-broken, about 1 meter high. Leaves are green, without pattern, with serrate margins. Wedge-shaped stipules, head - pink inflorescence.

Frigate. Semi-growing bush of early maturation. The average yield of dry overground mass is 41.4 c / ha. The vegetative period is about 64 days, for ripening of seeds it will take 117 days. Wintery, in middle degree can be affected by root rot, anthracnose, powdery mildew.

Clover hybrid in folk medicine

Traditional medicine uses an infusion of a clover of hybrid, possessing anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic properties, in the treatment of angina, fever, bronchitis.

clover hybrid in Latin
For cooking curative infusion it is required 3 teaspoons of clover to insist in a glass of boiling water for 2 hours, then strain and take 4 times a day on a tablespoon.

Fresh plant leaves are used to removeinflammatory processes on the skin. To prepare a useful compress should be 2-3 tbsp. Spoons of clover grass brew with boiling water, wrap in gauze. The resulting pads apply to the sore spots and inflamed skin areas.