Chickenpox in adults. Treatment
Chickenpox, or chickenpox, is considered a childdisease, along with mumps and measles. And there are reasons for this. The fact is that most people endure these diseases in childhood, most often still in the kindergarten. And once having had a pain, a person acquires immunity to childhood diseases. However, in some cases, primary infection occurs in adulthood, and this can sometimes lead to serious consequences.
This article is devoted to how the chickenpoxin adults. We will also consider treatment and symptoms. Chicken pox is caused by the herpes virus, by the way, the same virus causes such a disease as herpes zoster, but that's another story. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, and people can get infected, in principle, anywhere: on the bus, for example, or inadvertently visiting friends who have chickenpox. Since the disease is considered childish, adults are often not warned about it. Yes, you never know where else you can get infected. And since the incubation period is quite long, about 10 days, and in some cases even more than three weeks, the person who is sick often can not remember where he or she has become infected.
The situation is complicated by the fact that in adult chickenpoxoften occurs much heavier than in children, in some cases urgent hospitalization is necessary. The fact is that a whole bunch of diseases, such as pneumonia, otitis, orchitis, nephritis and many others, can develop on its background. In addition, the symptoms of chickenpox in adults are more pronounced, and are more severe. This also is dangerous for chicken pox in adults. Treatment should be started as early as possible, with the very first symptoms.
And this means that you need to know wellsymptoms of chicken pox. The chickenpox makes itself felt first of all by a severe headache, then the person raises the temperature, and his skin becomes covered with red specks with a watery bubble in the middle. The rash spreads from the head, to the torso and then to the limbs, and eventually completely covers the body, even under my hair and mucous membranes of the mouth and nose and in the perineum. Not only that the rash has a negative effect on the appearance, it also itches terribly.
However, worry about the appearance is not worth it,Show on people in the near future will not have to fall ill. It is necessary to observe quarantine, otherwise you can cause the development of a real epidemic, infect a lot of people. Mostly children.
Now you know how to manifest and what is dangerouschicken pox in adults. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease. Thus, the treatment of a mild form of chicken pox is purely symptomatic, that is, the doctor prescribes drugs that remove the itching, antipyretic, analgesic. In addition, it is recommended to lubricate all specks with greenery or other antiseptic, in order to avoid bacterial contamination.
In addition, somerecommendations. First of all, it is important to remember that you can not comb the rash, it is fraught with the appearance of scars, perhaps for life. But it's not just that, the fact is that infection can get into damaged blisters. After a while they will dry up and fall off. By the way, this process should also not be tried to speed up. In addition, the rash should not be wetted. You need to drink more fluids and exclude fatty, smoked, too salty foods for the time of illness from the diet.
How to reduce itching with chickenpox?There are several recommendations, you can use special ointments and gels that remove the itch, for example the gel "Fenistil", you can take antihistamines. Some of them have an interesting side effect, cause drowsiness, which also helps to endure difficult times. You can take, for example, the drug "Suprastin" or "Diazolin."
With severe cases it is more difficult.Self-medication here can not be dealt with categorically, because you first need to put an accurate diagnosis. In some cases, if pus appears in the blisters on the rash or other manifestations of infectious complications, antibiotics are prescribed. In especially severe cases, patients are hospitalized.
Chickenpox in adult males runs significantlyheavier. They account for the highest percentage of complications. However, do not relax and women, especially pregnant women, as chicken pox can lead to serious complications in the fetus.
Forewarned is forearmed. If you turn to a doctor in time, then chickenpox in adults is not so terrible. Treatment, started in a timely manner, reduces the risk of complications.