Major ENT diseases: laryngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, their diagnosis and treatment


Diseases of ENT organs are most commonin the cold period of the year, since various viruses, infections and allergens perfectly survive in conditions of reduced immunity of the human body. Any disease begins with an inflammatory process, and depending on its place of localization, it gets its name. For example, the inflammation of the trachea is tracheitis, bronchi - bronchitis, nasopharynx - rhinitis. As a rule, the inflammatory processes that occur on adjacent organs have similar symptoms and can even be treated almost identically. So, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis symptoms are quite similar to minor differences. And the main one is cough, as a rule, dry, causing perspiration in the throat and some pain in the sternum.

bronchitis tracheitis

Etiology of diseases

Basically, the tracheitis itself does not appear, becauseit is, so to speak, a company affliction that comes with laryngitis or rhinitis or is their consequence. This phenomenon is easily explained by the penetration of harmful microorganisms, which takes place in such a sequence: the nose, then the larynx, after the trachea and finally the bronchi and lungs. That is why bronchitis, tracheitis and laryngitis are closely related not only to the symptoms, but to the treatment process.

tracheitis bronchitis symptoms

Diagnosis and treatment

Any disease requires an accurate establishmentdiagnosis for more effective treatment. Not an exception and bronchitis, tracheitis or other ENT disease, because for a quick recovery it is extremely important that all necessary medications are "delivered" directly to the inflammatory focus. As a rule, the treatment of these diseases follows this pattern:

  • antibacterial or antiviral agents;
  • bronchodilators;
  • antispasmodics;
  • mucolytics;
  • if necessary, antihistamines;
  • local antiseptics.

However, since bronchitis, tracheitis differthe focus of inflammation, then the effect of drugs should also be directed in different ways. This is clearly seen in the example of inhalation, which is prescribed in both cases. For example, a conventional steam or compressor inhaler more effectively affects the upper part of the respiratory system and is used to treat laryngitis, rhinitis, etc. But the nebulizer can already deliver the necessary medicine directly to the bronchi. That's why bronchitis and tracheitis are treated fairly quickly with the help of the most common inhalations.

treatment of tracheitis and bronchitis with antibiotics

Do you need antibiotics?

Sometimes patients, citing the example of a similarillness of any friend, flatly refuse to take antibiotics, considering this a common reinsurance of doctors. However, treatment of tracheitis and bronchitis with antibiotics is necessary, especially if it is an acute form of the disease caused by infection. After all, otherwise the acute form is transformed into a chronic one and, possibly, even entails other, more dangerous diseases. Therefore, any appointment of a doctor must be carried out rigorously. And if you for some reason do not trust the qualifications of this doctor, you can always consult another specialist, but only in person. Since bronchitis, tracheitis and laryngitis are those diseases that have a number of serious complications with an untreated primary condition.