What is sinusitis?


Before considering what is genyantritis,it is necessary to briefly stop on the maxillary sinuses. Gaimorov's sinus is an air cavity, lying in the bones of the skull, inside and around the nasal cavity. It communicates with this cavity through small tubules and openings. Their throughput greatly affects the normal state of the sinuses. In the case where the holes and channels are closed, microbes accumulate in the sinus causing inflammation, which is the genyantritis.

Answering the question, what is genyantritis, you cansay that it is, above all, a chronic or acute inflammation of the sinus of the upper jaw. To understand the causes of infection, you need to know the structure of the maxillary sinus. Its lower wall is also the wall of the hard side of the palate, the upper one is the bottom wall of the cavity of the orbit, the inner wall is the side wall of the nasal cavity.

Before proceeding to the explanation of the concept of "what issinusitis, "it is necessary to focus on the functions of the maxillary sinuses, which affect the individual sounding of the voice, warming up and cleaning the air passing through the nose, forming characteristic features of the face.

Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses or one, orboth - that's what it is: sinusitis. In most cases, sinusitis occurs due to various infections. Streptococci, staphylococci, viruses, mycoplasmas, chlamydia, fungi can act as pathogens.

Another cause of sinusitis is a complication afteracute respiratory disease. With the flu, swelling of the nasal mucosa builds up, which causes blockage of the sinus outlet. Toothache is also a source of infection.

The first signs of sinusitis depend on the severitymanifestations of the disease and are diverse. The main symptoms are fever, severe pain below the eyes, in the face area. The nose is laid, from it is released in large quantities of mucus with a greenish tinge. Chronic sinusitis is characterized by frequent night cough, which is not amenable to traditional treatment. This cough occurs when pus from the infected sinus flows down the back wall of the pharynx. In addition, sinusitis can be recognized by frequent colds, stuffy nose and conjunctivitis. The classic sign of maxillary sinusitis is a headache. It arises from the accumulation of pus in the inflamed sinus and presses in the frontal part. Chronic sinusitis, as a source of infection, often causes sore throat, toothache, osteomyelitis of the upper jaw. Acute sinusitis provokes the development of the neuritis of the trigeminal nerve, which causes very severe pain in the facial part.

When the final diagnosis of "sinusitis",than to treat and how, the otolaryngologist solves. After all, in such cases, a whole complex of measures is carried out, restoring drainage and suppressing infectious foci in the maxillary sinuses. Swelling of the mucous membrane is removed with the help of sprays and vasoconstrictive drops, such as Otilin and Nazivin. These drugs quickly eliminate the swelling of the mucous membrane. They are used no more than five days to avoid atrophy of the nasal mucosa.

No less important factor of treatment isthe use of antibiotics of the new generation, giving the greatest effect. These are such drugs as "Azithromycin", "Cephalosporin" of the 3rd generation, "Augmentin". In the case of intolerance to penicillin antibiotics, tetracycline can be prescribed.

Modern antibiotics designed forlocal application, concentrate directly in the source of infection. Thus, side effects can be avoided. When the cause of maxillary sinusitis are external factors (toothache, etc.), treatment begins with the elimination of these causes. Ineffective therapeutic treatment may be the reason for the operation.