Bronchitis is a treatment in children. Development of the disease, causes, symptoms


Acute respiratory viral infections sometimesare complicated by the disease of the underlying airways. What should I do if my child develops bronchitis? Treatment of children with respiratory diseases usually includes antibiotic therapy, suppression of compulsive dry cough in the initial period, removal of mucosal edema. When the cough becomes wet, the child is prescribed drugs that dilute sputum and facilitate her coughing.

How does the disease begin?

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi. On them air comes from the upper respiratory tract into the pulmonary alveoli. The wall of the bronchi from the inside is covered with a mucous membrane lined with ciliate epithelium. Among its cells are glands and goblet cells that produce mucus. When bronchitis develops hyperemia and swelling of the mucosa, after a while, the formation of mucus and the sloughing of the ciliated epithelium increase. All this together leads to a violation of the patency of the airways and difficulty breathing.

At the beginning of the disease, we observe dry bronchitis. Treatment in children during this period should be aimed at removing the edema of the mucosa and reducing the painful dry cough. The general condition with bronchitis is usually satisfactory. The temperature is normal or subfebrile. Therefore, children can make hot or contrasting foot baths and other distractions.

On the chest and back you can put mustard plasters. Young children are recommended to make mustard wraps. You can use steam inhalation. To the herbs they should be approached with caution. The fact is that some children may have an allergic mood for medicinal herbs, and this will cause bronchospasm and respiratory impairment.

Among the causes of bronchitis - infection, actionphysical and chemical factors, such as hypothermia, air dust, the presence of harmful substances in it. There are allergic bronchitis. Although the causative agents of respiratory viral infections most often cause bronchitis, treatment in children of this disease must take into account that the virus infection is almost always layered bacterial. These can be staphylococci, pneumococci, streptococci and other bacteria. They cause purulent bronchitis. Treatment of the disease therefore from the outset should include antibiotics.

Symptoms of bronchitis

At the beginning of the disease, patients complain of feelingsadness behind the sternum, malaise. They have a painful dry cough, which on the 2nd-5th day is replaced by a wet cough, with the removal of mucous or mucopurulent sputum. A headache may be disturbing. The temperature is usually normal, sometimes subfebrile.

If small bronchi are affected, in a sick childcan develop so-called obstructive syndrome, associated with a violation of their patency. Thus there is a dyspnea or short wind. The breath of the child is difficult on exhalation, wheezing. Especially often it causes allergic bronchitis. Treatment of it should include desensitizing antihistamines, and in severe cases - hormones.

What predisposes to bronchitis

Occurrence of bronchitis is facilitated by: hypothermia, nasal breathing, adenoids, foci of infection in the nasopharynx, decreased immunity.

Treatment of bronchitis

If diagnosed with bronchitis, treatment in childrenusually carried out on an outpatient basis. But in case of complication with pneumonia the doctor can send the child to the hospital. Lay children in the hospital also with obstructive bronchitis. At treatment antibiotics are appointed, more often in injections. It is recommended abundant drink, mustard, cans, alcohol compresses on the chest, hot foot baths. An expectorant and antitussive drugs are prescribed. In obstructive syndrome - drugs that promote the expansion of the bronchi, sometimes - hormones. With allergic bronchitis - antihistamines.

When a child has a cough and other signs of bronchitis, you need to see a doctor. The timely treatment will promote the rapid and complete recovery of your baby.