The effect of alcohol on the human body
The effect of alcohol on the human body isalready in the oral cavity. Then the alcohol begins to be absorbed by the stomach at the maximum rate. The first blow takes on the digestive system. There is a decrease in the defense function of the digestive organs, because the mucous membrane is destroyed by alcohol. With prolonged use of alcoholic beverages, development of gastritis, esophagitis, peptic ulcer is observed. The most terrible thing is the possibility of oncological diseases.
The effect of alcohol on the body is also manifested indamage to the pancreas. Digestive enzymes are not produced in the required volume, which contributes to poor digestion of food. Inactive enzymes are found in the pancreas. The flow of alcohol into the blood contributes to their activation, and as a result, the development of pancreatitis. In addition to enzymes, the pancreas produces insulin. Chronic pancreatitis kills insulinokletki, so a person falls ill with diabetes. Pancreatitis in acute form is fraught with a fatal outcome.
The influence of alcohol on the body is characterized bygradual destruction of the liver. It is in this vital organ that oxidation of alcohol takes place, the product of which is acetaldehyde. This substance is toxic. When it is oxidized, acetic acid is formed, which is split into carbon dioxide and water. Acetaldehyde destroys liver cells, as indicated by a decrease in enzymes.
Chronic consumption of alcohol contributesdevelopment of hepatitis, hepatosis and cirrhosis. Low-quality alcohol can cause acute form of hepatitis or jaundice. Thus it is necessary to hospitalize the patient.
Getting into the blood, alcohol destroys the red blood cells. Hemoglobin loses its properties as a "carrier" of oxygen, because the cell membranes are opened. Thus, alcohol enters all organs and cells of the body.
The increased influence of alcohol on the human brainis due to the good blood supply of this organ. This contributes to the accumulation of ethanol, the removal of which requires a long time. Neurons collapse like liver cells.
The influence of alcohol on the body can be traced incardiovascular system. The first signs of cardiac dysfunction are shortness of breath, heart palpitations, heart failure. When the ECG passes, the doctor can position the organ increase. The heart is enlarged due to the expansion of the cavities, so it can not function properly.
The influence of alcohol on the body affects andreproductive system. In men, spermatogenesis is impaired. When excreted from the body, concentrated ethanol in toxic form is found in the tissues of the testicles. This contributes to a lower production of spermatozoa, increases the number of deformed forms, reduces speed. Testosterone is produced in smaller amounts. Regular use of alcoholic drinks contributes to the development of infertility and impotence.
In women, the stock of eggs is limited. It is impossible to determine the onset of menopause. Eggs are destroyed by ethanol, which approximates the "withering" of the female body. In addition, excessive consumption of alcohol contributes to the development of infertility.
The threshold of alcoholism is defined as dailyconsumption of 20-40 grams of ethanol. It is not necessary to drink every day, enough to sum up the drunk for all time and calculate the average to determine its closeness to the alcoholic threshold.
The influence of alcohol on a person is not onlynegative. For example, the use of good red wine in small amounts helps to strengthen immunity and cardiovascular system. Consumption of mulled wine will serve as a good prevention for colds and infections.