Signs of increased blood pressure and intracranial pressure. Symptoms and causes


Hypertension, as a chronic disease, isthe main cause of premature mortality among the adult population. Taking into account that over 40% of persons in this category have signs of increased pressure, it becomes a "companion" of our technogenic society.

However, the disease does not appear suddenly. She begins to "send out signals" in advance, but only people usually are not yet able to perceive them as a threat to their health. Therefore, no preventive actions are taken in time, and already with the development of a chronic form, changes in the body become irreversible.

The initial signs of increased blood pressure are as follows:

  • the body is very quickly tired;
  • there are bouts of headache;
  • "visits" the noise in the ears.

With frequent manifestations of these symptoms, you need to passexamination to confirm or exclude the presence of hypertension I degree and to understand why the pressure rises to a mark of 160/100 mm. mercury column. At this stage there is no damage to the systems and organs that regulate blood pressure. Primary hypertension is amenable to correction by changing the way of life, the use of complex exercise therapy. In case of non-compliance with the main recommendations of the doctor, it can grow into a chronic form - a secondary one.

II and III degrees of the disease have a different threshold of blood pressure - 180/110 and 200/120 mm. mercury column, respectively. At this stage, we can distinguish the following signs of increased pressure:

  • frequent headaches;
  • fatigue and dizziness;
  • The presence of blood tides to the face, pain in the chest and ringing in the ears;
  • there are nosebleeds.

In this case, it will be necessary to change the lifestyle and, especially, nutrition, as well as medical treatment, which the therapist must appoint.

Increased intracranial pressure occurs as a result of serious, diverse diseases of the brain.

Very dangerous is its presence in infants. The main signs of increased intracranial pressure in a newborn are as follows:

  • presence of a convex forehead, large head and strongly swollen venous network;
  • rapid growth of the head volume and bulging of the fontanelle between the sutures;
  • the child's eyes fall down (the "setting sun" effect);
  • he lags behind in development, sluggish and sleepy;
  • there is a constant regurgitation and there is practically no increase in weight.

Such symptoms are often signs of the presence of hydrocephalus, the development of which can have both congenital and acquired causes (for example, birth trauma).

The sooner the newborn's treatment is started,the better, because his absence will lead to the progression of diseases and the delay of mental development. And, as a rule, surgical intervention is applied in the form of a special shunt, with the help of which excess fluid from the cavity will be removed.

This disease can occur in both children andand adults under the influence of the following reasons: the presence of brain tumors; previous encephalitis, trauma and meningitis; the appearance of adhesions after the performed operations on the brain.

The main signs of intracranial pressure are the following:

  • severe nocturnal pains that begin to increase in the morning;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • in the eyes of two, and there are flashes before my eyes;
  • there is pain behind the eye sockets;
  • weakness and fatigue;
  • irritability, apathy and drowsiness.

The existing symptoms should become a signal to immediately consult a specialist, as the possible development of any disease is possible.

In general, one should realize that intracranial pressure and signs of increased pressure are, as a rule, a symptom of any serious disease that needs to be identified.