Increased intracranial pressure in children. Diagnosis and treatment.
Increased intracranial pressure for today is verywidespread. This is a very serious problem. Quite often neurologists and pediatricians inform parents that the infant has increased intracranial pressure. Although the medical classification of such a diagnosis simply does not exist. Increased intracranial pressure is a consequence of another pathology. But this fact does not really worry the parents. For them, more serious questions are: "How is the diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure?" How to reduce intracranial pressure? Treatment with folk remedies will help the child? And what kind of treatment will be more effective? ". So, let's try to understand these issues.
Diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure in children
Before proceeding with the diagnosisintracranial pressure in the baby, the neurologist resorts to more primitive methods: observation and examination. Signs of high intracranial pressure in the infant are an outstanding fontanel (outward) and an increased volume of the head. Sometimes there is strabismus and rolling of eyeballs.
If a mother marks her child with such orshe must tell the doctor about it. Elevated intracranial pressure may be unstable, then its symptoms are poor sleep, increased excitability, side-to-side head-to-head, regurgitation and vomiting. Breastmother often has to guess that she is worried about her baby, because the child can not tell directly what exactly is wrong with him. Therefore, you should closely monitor the baby.
If the patient suspects changes in intracranial pressure, the doctor can refer the child:
1. Ultrasound of the skull and brain (neurosonography);
2. To study the intensity of blood flow directly in the vessels of the brain (Doplerogrography);
3. To receive a sample of CSF by inserting a needle into the spinal cord (lumbar puncture); examination of the fundus (ophthalmoscopy);
4. Diagnosis by means of magnetic field and radio waves (magnetic resonance imaging);
5. To scan the head with thin X-rays at different angles (axial computed tomography).
Treatment of high intracranial pressure in children
After the doctor, based on visualexaminations and conducted studies, diagnose, you can start treatment. By the way, diagnoses for intracranial pressure disorders can be different, since the increased pressure itself is only a symptom of a disease.
It is often found, for example,hypertensive-hydrocephalic syndrome, in which intracranial pressure increases. Treatment of this disease is carried out with the help of medications and in most cases has a favorable outcome. In rare cases, babies need surgery.
In order to normalize intracranialpressure, doctors can prescribe vitamins, drugs that improve the blood circulation of the brain, and sometimes diuretics. In addition, the use of curative gymnastics, massage, soothing and phytotherapeutic fees will help to restore the body's crumbs.
In more severe cases, the consequence of thisthe disease can be mental and physical underdevelopment of the baby. In such situations, by the year the child has a clear delay in mental development, and sometimes even epilepsy.
Parents should follow thethe first suspicions of such a disease to undergo the necessary examination. This is necessary in order to find out how serious the diagnosis is put to the baby and whether it is necessary to take the medicine. We should try to provide our child with proper treatment, of course, if it really is necessary.