Semisynthetic antibiotic "Cephalexin": instructions for use


Semisynthetic antibiotic "Cephalexin"the instructions for use refer to cephalosporins. The medicine is produced in tablets, capsules, granules, suspensions. By action, this bactericide distinguishes a wide range and activity against microorganisms (Gram-positive and Gram-negative).

Pharmacological features of the drug "Cephalexin" (suspension)

Instruction for use calls thisa first-generation cephalosporin drug. Its bactericidal action is aimed at disrupting the synthesis of the cell walls of microorganisms. It shows resistance to penicillinases of some microorganisms. Gram-positive microorganisms to which the drug is actively treated:

  • Streptococcus pyogenes.

  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae

  • Staphylococcus epidermidis.

  • Staphylococcus spp.

  • Actinomyces israelii.

  • Bacillus anthracis.

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Gram-negative microorganisms:

  • Branhamella (Moraxella catarrhalis).

  • Treponema spp.

  • Salmonella.

Describing the drug"Tsefalexin" (suspension), the instruction says about its advantages over other medicines. In particular, it is reported that some microorganisms that have developed resistance to penicillins, do not have immunity to this pharmaceutical product. Such qualities of antibiotic allow to successfully use it in the treatment of pathologies that have a protracted course: tonsillitis and tonsillitis, bronchitis and tracheitis.

Speaking about the shortcomings of the antibiotic "Cefalexin",the instructions for use highlight the inability of the active substance to overcome the encephalic barriers and enter the meninges. Such a disadvantage does not allow the use of the antibiotic considered in this publication in the treatment of pathologies such as meningitis, encephalitis, and generalized sepsis.

Resistant to the action of the antibiotic "Cephalexin"The instruction on application names enterococci. In addition, this medication is ineffective against the following microbes: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, mycobacterium tuberculosis, indole-positive strains of proteas, anaerobic microorganisms.

At what pathologies is successfully applieddrug "Cephalexin"? Instructions for use confirms its high effectiveness in the treatment of inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract. Good results were noted in the treatment of such diseases:

  • Angina, a variety of etiology, including unexplained.

  • Whooping cough.

  • Infectious pathology of the respiratory tract. This (lung abscess, bronchitis, bronchiectatic disease, pneumonia, empyema of the pleura), as well as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, otitis, mastoiditis.

  • Scarlet fever.

  • Infectious pathologies of the urinary tract (pyelonephritis, urethritis, cystitis, gonorrhea, prostatitis).

  • Infectious pathologies of the skin, joints, bones and soft tissues (osteomyelitis, phlegmon, abscess, lymphangitis, furunculosis).

  • Gynecological infectious pathology.

The drug showed itself well in the complex treatment of arthrosis, rheumatism, salmonellosis, erysipelas.

How to apply the medicine "Cephalexin"? Instructions for use give the following directions. Eat an hour before eating. Wash down with water. Adults are given maximum six grams of medicines for a daily intake, children - not more than four grams.

The drug "Cephalexin" (suspension) is recommendedfor admission by children who have not reached the age of ten. For small patients up to the age of six, the dose is calculated as follows: 100 mg per kilogram of the child's weight. The resulting dose should be divided into four doses. Adult patients receive a medicine in tablets / capsules - 250-500 mg for four divided doses.

Contraindication to the appointment of an antibioticis hypersensitivity to drugs of the pharmacological group of cephalosporins. During therapy with the described drug should be refrained from drinking alcoholic beverages.