The drug "Cephalexin." Instructions
Cefalexin is a member of the groupcephalosporin antibiotics of the first generation. The drug has a bactericidal effect, it can disrupt the synthesis of microorganisms in the cell walls. Antibiotic "Tsefaleksin" shows resistance to lactamases, penicillinase of staphylococci, but is prone to destruction by cephalosporinase.
The medicament, having a wide range of effects, is active against various microorganisms, Gram-positive, Gram-negative, radiant fungi.
The drug is absorbed fairly quickly and well. The maximum concentration of the drug reaches an hour after ingestion. Eating can slow suction, without affecting the completeness of absorption. The therapeutic concentration of the drug persists for four to six hours.
Distribution of the drug "Cephalexin" (instructiontestifies to this) is carried out relatively evenly over the fluids and tissues in the body. The medicine is able to penetrate the breast milk, through the placenta. In a certain amount, the medication can be found in the amniotic fluid.
The drug "Cefalexin"infections in the upper and lower parts of the respiratory system (abscess or empyema of the lungs, bronchopneumonia, exacerbation of chronic and acute pneumonia, angina, pharyngitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, otitis media). Indications include diseases of the infectious nature of the urogenital system (vulvaginitis, gonorrhea, epididymitis, endometritis, cystitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis), soft tissues, joints, bones, skin (osteomyelitis, lymphadenitis, phlegmon, lymphadenitis, pyoderma, abscess, furunculosis) .
The drug "Tsefaleksin" instruction to take recommends half an hour - an hour before meals. Drink the medicine with water.
For adults according to the currentDiseases developed different regimens for taking the remedy. Tablets "Cefalexin", as a rule, are prescribed twice a day. The recommended dose is from 250 to 1000 mg per dose. In a day should take at least one or two grams of medicine. If necessary, the dosage of the drug "Tsefalexin" instruction can be increased to four grams per day.
The duration of therapy is from seven to fourteen days. In diseases caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus A-group, treatment lasts no less than ten days.
The drug "Cefalexin" in tableted form is admitted to admission from the age of ten. For children under 10 years, a suspension is prescribed.
Dosage is calculated in accordance with the mass. With a child weighing less than forty kilograms per day, recommend twenty-five to one hundred milligrams per kilogram. Should be taken on the day of four.
When otitis (middle) children are prescribed seventy-five milligrams per kilogram of weight. Take recommended on the day of four.
With streptococcal pharyngitis, infections of soft tissues, skin integument frequency - twice a day.
With infections in severe conditions, daily dosage can be increased to one hundred milligrams per kilogram. The frequency of reception at this - up to six times a day.
The use of the drug "Tsefaleksin", as well as anymedication, can provoke side effects. Most often there is an allergic reaction in the form of edema, rashes, anaphylactic shock. To undesirable manifestations include abdominal pain, toxic hepatitis, candidiasis (intestines, mouth, genital organs), cholestatic jaundice, pseudomembranous colitis. In some cases, excitation, convulsive condition, weakness, dizziness may occur.
During lactation and pregnancy, the doctor prescribes the advisability of taking "Cephalexin" medication.
Before taking the medication, it is recommended to read the summary, to identify the absence or presence of contraindications to the medication.