Sinusitis in children: symptoms and features of the course of the disease
Usually sinusitis is seen as a complicationcoryza. His appearance is afraid of parents, and any stretch for longer than two weeks of rhinitis seems to them a genyantritis. What is sinusitis in children? Symptoms of it are not always clearly pronounced.
What is a sine
Air after inhalation should be moistened,cleaned and warmed. But during the passage through the nose, he does not have time to acquire the necessary parameters of humidity and temperature, therefore in adults air enters the special sinuses (they are called sinuses in medicine), where it is moistened and warmed. In adults, there are frontal and maxillary sinuses. In small children, frontal sinuses are practically absent (they develop by the age of 7), and the maxillary sinuses are very small and grow to real size only by three years. Therefore, children get sick more often and heavier, but up to three years of sinusitis they do not happen.
Inflammation of the sinuses is called "sinusitis." That is, sinusitis in children and adults is a particular phenomenon of sinusitis. Such inflammation can be viral, bacterial or allergic in nature.
How are colds and sinusitis associated with children: symptoms
If a child over 3 years old suffers from a runny nose, thenhe most often has sinusitis, because in the airways everything is interconnected. Passes a runny nose, passes and a genyantritis. And if as a result of an allergy, for example, the edema of the nasal mucosa forms, then at this time there is also swelling of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus.
When due to edema and inflammationclose the narrow channels through which the air enters into the sinus, then in the closed cavity the bacteria begin to multiply actively. Here, in this case, we are talking about a complication after rhinitis or ARI - sinusitis.
Sinusitis in children: symptoms of onset of the disease
The beginning of the sinusitis, as a rule, passes unnoticed. But some symptoms can give out the true state of things, namely the fact that ARI has received a complication in the form of sinus inflammation. In this case, the sinusitis in children 3 years of age and older is manifested equally.
- Nasal congestion (usually one nostril), impaired sense of smell.
- General malaise, fever.
- Lethargy, capriciousness.
- Abundant purulent discharge from the nose.
- Appearance of dull aching pain, which gives in whiskey and even teeth. Painful sensations are markedly enhanced by tilting the head forward, sneezing or coughing.
Sinusitis in children: symptoms and ways of treatment
What to do if you find symptoms similar toon a genyantritis? Of course, do not engage in self-medication! Consult a physician. It does not have to be an ENT. Sinusitis can diagnose and help the cure and the district pediatrician.
The doctor performs a rhinoscopy, appointsthe need for a radiological examination of the nasal sinuses, as well as a puncture to collect the contents to establish its sensitivity to antibiotics. This will help to choose an adequate treatment.
You can not rub the maxillary sinuses and frontal sinuses! For the treatment of sinusitis, symptomatic drugs and antibiotics are actively used (selected and prescribed by a doctor!). If the disease is allergic, identify and eliminate the cause that causes such a reaction of the body.
Knowing how the genyantritis looks in children, the symptoms and peculiarities of its course, parents will be able to seek medical help on time and speed up the recovery of their baby.