Chanterelles (mushrooms): medicinal properties. Application in folk medicine
We all know about the benefits of medicinal herbs, forestberries and roots. But who knows that mushrooms are also successfully used in folk medicine? Chanterelles are mushrooms, the medicinal properties of which have been scientifically confirmed.
A beautiful mushroom with a bright yellow topale yellow hue has a hat, similar to an inverted umbrella, with wavy edges, 10-12 cm in diameter. The mushroom chanter's cap with thick and dense plates smoothly passes into a large foot.
Grow these mushrooms always in groups, settle in coniferous and mixed forests, especially like spruce-birch. "Quiet hunting" on them begins from the middle of summer and lasts until the end of October.
The description of the mushroom chanterelle will be incomplete, if not to say about its main feature: it is never wormy, unlike other species of fungi.
How to distinguish a real chanterelle from a false
Each edible mushroom has a double -conditionally-edible or poisonous. Chanterelles - mushrooms, the medicinal properties of which will be discussed below, also have their own double. False chanterelles, or golovoroshki orange, refer to conditionally edible fungi. This means that they can be used for food, they will not be poisoned, although they will not benefit the body and are characterized by an unpleasant smell and bad taste.
The table shows the description of the mushroom chanterelle in comparison with the orange govorushka.
|Subject of description||Chanterelle true|
(the chanterelle is false)
|Coloring||Calm, from dark yellow to light yellow.||Bright orange.|
|Hat||Wrong shape with wavy edges, glossy surface.||The hat is of regular rounded shape with even edges, velvet surface to the touch.|
|Yellowish white, dense. When pressing slightly reddens.||Monophonic yellow color, loose. When pressed, does not change the shade.|
Smell and taste
|The smell is pleasant, the young chanterelle has a fruity, the one that is older - woody. Taste delicious, nutty with light acidity.||Unpleasant smell, tasteless.|
Place of growth
|Always grow in groups. Prefer the soil under fallen leaves, sometimes grow on a mossy stump.||They prefer to grow one by one on fallen trees, on moss, forest litter.|
Such a comparative description will help to distinguish between false and real chanterelles - mushrooms, the medicinal properties of which help get rid of serious ailments.
Chemical composition and properties
Chanterelles are very rich in vitamins PP, E, group B,ascorbic. Carotene (vitamin A) in them more than carrots. These mushrooms contain valuable amino acids, minerals (iron, potassium, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, sodium, sulfur, fluorine, chlorine, zinc), trametonolinic acid, which has a harmful effect on the hepatitis C virus, ergosterol, improvement of the liver. A very important and unique component of mushroom fungi is quinomania. This substance destroys adult helminths and their eggs, therefore chanterelles are used to get rid of worms. Hinomanoza - a natural natural substance that does not cause side effects, does not poison the human body.
Also, medicinal mushrooms of chanterelles are used forhealing from angina, abscesses, boils, to enhance immunity. They are able to restore the moisture of the mucous eye and cure night blindness and some other eye diseases. It is useful to include them in the menu in order to prevent oncology. They are also useful in anemia, dysbiosis, osteoporosis and rickets. Caloric content of chanterelles is only 19 kcal per 100 grams of product (roasted just above - 70 kcal per 100 g), but the chanterelles perfectly satiate, so nutritionists recommend them for fighting obesity.
Traditional medicine practices the treatment of mushrooms with chanterelles of the cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal system, the pancreas. They are used in the complex treatment of psoriasis, tuberculosis.
Use of chanterelle mushroom in folk medicine
In order for the chanter to be useful infungotherapy (treatment with mushrooms), raw materials should be properly harvested. It should be borne in mind that the valuable substance of quinomania is destroyed already at a temperature of 60 ° C, and also under the influence of sodium (table salt). Therefore, chanterelles - mushrooms, the medicinal properties of which can restore health to a person, - after harvesting, they are cleared of soil and rubbish, then dried. Ideally, the chanterelles should be dried naturally - in a well-ventilated place, not under direct sunlight at an air temperature of no higher than 40 ° C. A dryer can also be used, and the temperature is also not set above 40 ° C.
After the mushrooms are ground in a coffee grinder. The powder is stored for not more than one year in a dry place in a tightly closed glass container or canvas bag. From this powder, and prepare a medicinal water or alcohol tincture.
In addition, it should be noted that chanterellesmust be collected in ecologically clean places, as far as possible from the industrial center, road and agricultural fields, on which pesticides are used.
In addition, the chanterelles, even after drying, often remain soft, so if you can not grind them, then you can just chop very finely.
Preparation of medicinal vodka infusion
One tablespoon of mushroom powder pour 200 ml of vodka, insist 10 days in a dark place at room temperature. Every day tincture should be shaken.
Tincture before use is shaken. Accepted:
- for the purification of the liver - every night for 2 weeks to 2 teaspoons an hour before bedtime,
- to get rid of worms - 2 teaspoons before going to bed for 20 days,
- for the treatment of hemangioma, cirrhosis, liver obesity, pancreas - 1 teaspoonful every night before going to bed for 3-4 months,
- for the treatment of hepatitis - 1 teaspoon daily in the morning and in the evening for 4 months.
Preparation of medicinal water infusion
A glass of boiled water at room temperaturepour 1 teaspoon of mushroom powder, insist one hour, then shake and drink along with the deposit for the night. Drink within 20 days. It helps with helminthiasis.
Increases the effectiveness of the treatment of adding powder to the powder of chanterelles powder of white fungus. They are mixed and 1 teaspoon of mixture is taken to prepare the water infusion.